Classics (CLAS)

CLAS 1001  Ancient Civilizations of the Near East and Egypt  
3 credit hours  

An introduction to the civilizations and cultural contributions of the ancient Near East and Egypt. Aided by illustrated lectures and the study of ancient literature,students will explore the history, political organizations, art and monuments of these early civilizations.

Note: This course is not open to students with credit in CLAS 2200
CLAS 1002  The Ancient Civilizations of Greece and Rome  
3 credit hours  

A general introduction to the civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome with particular regard to history, political organization, material culture, and contributions to western cultural development. Students will examine primary sources relevant to the history, social, and political organization of Greek and Roman society, and be introduced to the art, architecture, and material culture of these two ancient cultures

Note: This course is not open to students with credit in CLAS 2200.
CLAS 1003  Material Culture from Prehistory to the Middle Ages  
3 credit hours  

Students examine the artistic, artifactual and architectural remains of Europe, the Mediterranean and Western Asia from prehistoric times to the 14th century CE.

CLAS 1004  Introduction to Archaeological Method and Theory  
3 credit hours  

Students are introduced to the practice, method, and theory of the discipline of archaeology through a careful examination of select case studies drawn from archaeologists working on ancient Mediterranean sites.

CLAS 2000  Legacies: The Archaeology of Ancient Greece  
3 credit hours  

Students are introduced to the art and archaeology of the ancient Greek world from the Late Bronze Age through the Hellenistic period. Students consider the “major arts” (ceramics, painting, sculpture, architecture) within their broader social, historical and religious contexts. Students apply art historical and archaeological method and theory as well as explore the relevance of the artistic and architectural innovations of the ancient Greeks on subsequent cultures, including our own.

CLAS 2100  Secrets of the Dead: Roman Archaeology  
3 credit hours  

Students investigate important issues and current problems in the art and archaeology of the ancient Roman world. Students focus on a careful examination of the material record of the ancient Romans, including architecture, works of art, and artifacts, and through the lens of art historical and archaeological method and theory, complex cultural phenomena such as imperialism, urbanism, gender definitions, ethnicity, economic behaviour, cultural interaction, and culture change. Students consider the images of the great works of art and architecture of the Roman world, such as the Pantheon and the Augustus Prima Port, and examine the great sites of the Roman world, including: Pompeii, Ostia, Rome, Ephesus, and Constantinople.

Note: Students who have taken CLAS 3312, “Art of the Hellenistic World and/or Rome,” are not eligible to receive credit for this course.
CLAS 2201  The Mythology of Greece and Rome I: Gods and Heros  
3 credit hours  

Students explore the nature of mythology in ancient Greece and Rome through a survey of the principal myths of the gods and goddesses. Emphasis will be placed on myths describing the creation of the universe, the gods and their powers, the origin of humans and the relationships between gods and mortals. Students read a selection of works of Classical literature and assess how these myths helped shape the life and thought of the classical civilizations of Greece and Rome.

CLAS 2345  Greek Philosophy: The Presocratics and Plato  [PHIL 2345]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: nine (9) credit hours

Students examine Greek philosophy before the time of Socrates followed by careful readings of selected dialogues by Plato.

CLAS 2346  Greek Philosophy: Aristotle and The Hellenists  [PHIL 2346]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: nine (9) credit hours

Students study Aristotle’s views (focusing on topics in metaphysics, psychology, knowledge, and ethics), together with a brief examination of several Hellenistic philosophers.

CLAS 2450  The ‘Cradle of Civilization’: The Ancient Near East  
3 credit hours  

Students explore the history and cultures of Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and the Levant from the first cities, ca. 3000 BCE, to the fall of the Persian Empire, ca. 323 BCE. Students unravel the complex histories of the ‘first civilizations’, exploring such topics as kingship and religion, urbanization, commerce, legal and social structures and scientific innovations.

CLAS 2451  Greek History I: From Minos to the Medes  [HIST 2451]  
3 credit hours  

An introduction to the history and culture of the ancient Greeks from the Bronze Age through the Persian Wars. Students will explore Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations and the social, historical and cultural development of the Archaic period, including the origins of the Greeks and the evolution of the polis and early political systems. Among the topics students will examine are the evaluation of the Spartan military state, Athenian democracy, pre-Classical Greek religion, art, architecture and literature. Students will be asked to read the works of various ancient authors and to consider the archaeological and epigraphical evidence for this period of Greek history.

Note: This course is not open to students who have received credit in CLAS 3303//HIST 2350
CLAS 2452  Greek History II: The Golden Age of Greece  [HIST 2452]  
3 credit hours  

An introduction to the history of the Greeks from the Persian Wars through the death of Alexander the Great. Students will study the historical, political and cultural developments of the Greeks in the 5th and 4th centuries BC, including the rise and fall of Athens, democracy in action and the cultural achievements of Athens in her “Golden Age” (e.g. religion, theatre, philosophy, art and architecture). Students will also explore the activities of other Greek states (e.g. Sparta, Boeotia, Syracuse), the roles of men and women in Greek society, the causes and aftermath of the Peloponnesian wars, the conquest of Greece by Phillip II of Macedon and of the Persian Empire by his son, Alexander. Students will be asked to read various works of ancient authors and to consider archaeological and epigraphical evidence relevant to this period of Greek history.

CLAS 2453  Republic and Revolution: Roman History I  [HIST 2453]  
3 credit hours  

An introduction to the history of Italy and the city of Rome from the Iron Age through the end of the Roman republican system of government. This course will explore the origins and evolution of the Roman Republic, including the interaction among Romans, their Italian neighbours such as the Etruscans, and the Greek and Phoenician peoples of the eastern Mediterranean. Among the topics students will examine are the political and military history of the period as well as the social and cultural context that encapsulates and informs this history, and the eventual decline of the republican system amidst the political turmoil and revolution of the first century BC. Students will be asked to read the works of various ancient authors and to consider archaeological and epigraphic evidence for this history of the Roman republic. Content will vary from year to year. NOTE: This course is not open to students who have received credit in CLAS 3304//HIST 2351

CLAS 2454  Bloody Caesars: Roman History II  [HIST 2454]  
3 credit hours  

An introduction to the history of the Roman world from the establishment of the Principate under Octavian/Augustus to the decline of the Roman empire in the western Mediterranean and Europe. This course will explore the evolution of the Principate and its eventual replacement by the Dominate, the nature of Roman imperialism, the role of the emperor as a political and religious figure, the interaction among the Romans and their neighbours in central Europe and the Near East, and the eventual political and economic disintegration of the imperial system. Students will be asked to consider such topics as different models of Roman economic, social, and political organization, the role and status of women in the Roman world, the codification of the Roman legal system, and the intellectual and religious developments that laid the foundations for subsequent historical periods in Western Europe and the Mediterranean. Students will be asked to read the works of various ancient authors and to consider archaeological and epigraphic evidence relevant to the history of the Roman imperial period. Content will vary from year to year.

CLAS 2455  Ancient Empires  
3 credit hours  

This course is an introduction to the empires of the ancient Near East, Egypt, and the Mediterranean, including Greece and Rome. Throughout the course various imperial systems and experiences will be contrasted, and models of imperialism and colonialism explored. Students are also introduced to ancient history, culture, art, architecture, and literature as these topics relate to imperialism.

CLAS 2500  War and Society in the Ancient Mediterranean  [HIST 2500]  
3 credit hours  

This course is an introduction to warfare as it was practiced by the peoples of the ancient Mediterranean and the degree to which military organization and the act of waging war affected other aspects of these societies, including political ideology, religious beliefs, and economic exchange systems.

CLAS 3000  Topics in Greek Art and Archaeology  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

This course addresses a specific topic, theme, period, or geographical region related to the study of Greek Archaeology. The specific topic and course content will be different each time the course is offered, so the students should check with the program coordinator for Classics about the specific topic on offer for the current semester. Topics may include art and architecture of the Aegean Bronze Age (Minoans and Mycenaean), urban life in the Greek city-state, art and politics in Archaic and Classical Greece, cultural interaction between Greece, the Near East and Egypt or Greek iconography. This course is intended to follow CLAS 2000, “Legacies: the Archaeology of Ancient Greece”, but students with a background in archaeology, history, Classics, or art history are also encouraged to enroll.

CLAS 3100  Topics in Roman Archaeology  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

This course addresses a specific topic, theme, period, or geographical region related to the study of Roman Archaeology. The specific topic and course content will be different each time the course is offered, so students should check with the Program coordinator for Classics about the specific topic on offer for the current semester. Topics may include art and architecture of the Augustan Age, Etruscan art and archeology, the art and archaeology of the Roman provinces, or the art and architecture of empire. This course is intended to follow CLAS 2100, “Secrets of the Dead: Roman Archaeology,” but students with a background in archaeology, history, Classics, or art history are also encouraged to enroll.

CLAS 3310  Classical Literature  [ENGL 3310]  
6 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

This course is a survey of the literature of ancient Greece and/or Rome in English translation. Course content will be organized either thematically, for example on women in Classical literature or metamorphosis, or by genre, for example on epic, tragedy, or comedy. The course is intended for students who have some background in Classics and/or Classical literature.

CLAS 3317  Greek Sanctuaries  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

This course explores ancient Greek religion and the role of the sanctuary in Greek culture. Students will study the archaeological remains and documentary evidence for the role and function of domestic, civic, and panhellenic sanctuaries (e.g., household cults, the Athenian Acropolis, Olympia, Delphi). Students will also consider sites which provide examples of specialty cults (healing, oracular, mystery religions) or which illustrate particular social, political or archaeological issues.

CLAS 3319  Pompeii  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

Students examine the archaeological remains of Pompeii, including the site’s depositional history and the history of its excavation, as well as its architectural remains, material culture, and art. Students are introduced to current archaeological research at the site which is changing our understanding of Roman urban life.

CLAS 3320  Hellenistic Art and Culture  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

The main objective of the course is for students to gain a basic familiarity with the major trends in Hellenistic art and architecture. In addition to learning basic art historical analysis, students place the material studied in its appropriate cultural, historical and archaeological contexts.

CLAS 3321  Swords and Sandals: The Classical World Through Film  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

Students examine aspects of the Classical world through the lens of film as a means to understand ancient Mediterranean cultures. Students view and discuss modern versions of ancient stories, modern performances set in the ancient Mediterranean world, and films that present classical themes and allusions.

CLAS 3352  Women and Family in Ancient Greece  [WMST 3352]  
6 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

Students study the ancient Greek oikos (family, household) and the daily activities, roles and legal position of women, children and other dependents in the ancient Greek households (ca. 800-31 BCE). The focus will be on women of different social classes and family life in ancient Greece, with some comparative consideration of the lives of women in other regions of the ancient world (Italy, Mesopotamia, the Levant and Egypt.

CLAS 3354  Love and Sexuality in the Ancient World  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

Students study Greek and Roman attitudes towards gender, love and sexuality. Literary and artistic evidence will be used to explore the ancient Greek and Roman attitudes towards gender roles, social morality, homosexuality, marriage and adultery, sexuality and erotic art. Students study these topics in context and discuss how they relate to modern values and gender issues.

CLAS 3400  Rome’s Eternal Glory: The Age of Augustus  [HIST 3400]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

Students examine a key transitional historical period in the Roman world, with the dissolution of the republic and its replacement with a monarchy during the reign of Rome’s first emperor. Through a close analysis of ancient material and textual evidence, students will examine and evaluate the Age of Augustus.

CLAS 3409  On the Edge of Empire: Roman Britain and the Western Provinces  [HIST 3409]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

Students examine the history, organization, material culture, and cultural diversity of Rome’s western provinces, with particular attention paid to Britannia. Students also consider Roman imperialism and the interaction of Romans and subject peoples.

CLAS 3411  Great Trials of Ancient Athens  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

Students study Athenian democracy, law, life in 5th-4th century BC Athens through speeches (in translation) from a selection of cases (e.g. homicide, impiety, sexual misconduct and slander) in combination with other documentary evidence, iconography and archaeological remains. Topics include: aspects of the legal and political systems, Athenian social life and the core Athenian.

CLAS 3420  International Relations Eastern Mediterranean Style  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

Students study the intercultural relationships among the inhabitants of the eastern Mediterranean during the Archaic and Classical periods of Greek history (ca. 900 to 323 BCE). The focus will be on the interactions among the Greeks, the Phoenicians and the Persians and the impacts their exchanges had on the political, commercial and cultural activities of the regions.

CLAS 3505  Museum Studies  [HIST 3505]  
3 credit hours  

Students are introduced to and given an overview of the world of museums and museum studies. Students learn about the history of museums, the constantly evolving purpose of such institutions, particularly during the twentieth century and in the contemporary world, their role in public education, archival and collations management, exhibitions, funding models, governance, and current debates in the field. This course is a combination of seminars and site visits to museums, which require that students engage with the museum community of Nova Scotia.

CLAS 3610  Field Study in Roman Archaeology  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

The practical application of archaeological field techniques and method as it pertains to the study of Classical Roman sites in the Mediterranean and Europe. This course is always taught off-campus at one or more ancient Roman sites in Europe, most frequently Italy. Consequently, the course is dependent upon external funds and has a limited enrollment. Please consult the Program Coordinator of Classics regarding availability.

CLAS 3611  Laboratory Methods in Roman Archaeology  
3 credit hours  

This course introduces students to the laboratory method used by Roman archaeologists in the study of archaeological materials recovered from Roman-period sites. The course is taught on-site in the Mediterranean and is to be taken in conjunction with CLAS3610 during the same academic year.

CLAS 3612  Ancient Cities and Sanctuaries  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall

This field course of ancient Greek and/or Roman history and culture is organized around visits to archaeological sites and major museums in one or more countries associated with these ancient civilizations (e.g.: Greece, Turkey, or Southern Italy and Sicily).

CLAS 3826  Thematic Selected Topics in Classics  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in CLAS or 30 credit hours overall
CLAS 4405  Advanced Reading and Tutorial  
6 credit hours  
Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

A course based on directed readings and research. The contents of the course will be determined by the specific interests of the professor and the students involved. Students will have the opportunity to pursue in depth their individual interests in the field of Classics, and will meet regularly with a member of the Department to discuss their research. To register in this course students must demonstrate a satisfactory background in Classics or the Ancient World of the Near East and an ability to do independent research.

CLAS 4406  Seminar in Classical Studies  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: 12 credit hours in Classics or permission of the instructor.
CLAS 4407  Greek Art, Life and Politics  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: Twelve (12) credit hours in CLAS or the permission of the instructor.

In this seminar the social history of Archaic and/or Classical Greece is explored through the function and meaning of material culture. The material remains, which include metal, ivory, ceramic vessels, and sculpture, are important sources of evidence for understanding the daily lives of the ancient Greeks and their social values.

CLAS 4600  Artifacts and Artifice in Classical Archaeology  
3 credit hours  

This course provides students with an overview of the identification, analysis, and interpretation of material culture recovered from Classical sites, as well as issues associated with its production, distribution, and consumption. The material culture examined includes ceramics, glass, bone artifacts, metal artifacts, and coins.

CLAS 4610  Advanced Field Study in Roman Archaeology  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: CLAS 3610 or ANTH 3373, and permission of the instructor

This course is for students who wish to increase their proficiency as field archaeologists. Students will take an active part in an ongoing archaeological research project, to record archaeological data in a professional manner, and to assist in the supervision of students at the introductory level. This course is taught on-site in Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.

CLAS 4611  Advanced Laboratory Methods in Roman Archaeology  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: CLAS 3611 or ANTH 3374

Students have the opportunity to learn and apply advanced field laboratory methods and techniques to the study of Roman material culture. The course is normally to be taken in conjunction with CLAS 4610. This course is taught on-site in Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.

CLAS 4876  Directed Study in Classics  
3 credit hours  

Classics - Greek (GREK)

GREK 1100  Introduction to Ancient Greek  
6 credit hours  

This course is an introduction to the major grammatical points of the ancient (Attic) Greek. Students will meet the challenges of learning an inflected language.

GREK 2000  Second Year Ancient Greek  
6 credit hours  

Classics - Latin (LATN)

LATN 1100  Introduction to Latin  
6 credit hours  

A course in the essentials of Latin grammar for students beginning their study of this ancient language. Since Latin is an inflected language with many changes in endings, students should be prepared to work hard at understanding and learning its basic structures.

LATN 2202  Intermediate Latin I  
3 credit hours  

Students work to enhance their development of good techniques of Latin-English translation and of rendering English into idiomatic Classical Latin. A variety of Latin authors and the continued study of Latin grammar will be utilized to achieve those objectives.

LATN 2203  Intermediate Latin II  
3 credit hours  

This course is a continuation of LATN 2202.