Linguistics (LING)

LING 1200  Introduction to Linguistics  
6 credit hours  

Natural languages are systematic and this course will examine how this fact makes human communication possible. An introduction to modern methods of linguistic analysis, the course will enable students to understand the structure of their own language and to compare it with other languages. By familiarizing them with the basic concepts of linguistics, the course will prepare students for more advanced courses in linguistics.

LING 2308  Development of English Prose Style  [ENGL 2308]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: Three (3) credit hours in ENGL at the 1000-level

The course offers a close study of the lexical, syntactic and rhetorical choices in very short selections of prose writing from 1500 to the present. The passages will be studied in chronological order, with a view to observing developments in prose style in each period.

LING 2309  Phonetics  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: LING 1200

This course is an introduction to the production, acoustic properties, and perception of the sounds used in English and other languages. Skills developed include: systematic transcription of speech sounds using the International Phonetic Alphabet, description of sounds in articulatory terms, and recognition of linguistically relevant properties of sounds from spectrograms and waveforms.

LING 2310  Phonology  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: LING 1200

Phonology is the study of the sound patterns of language. The universal principles by which sounds are organized in language through phonological rule systems are examined, as well as the processes which account for language-specific diversity. Students will learn how to analyze phonological data from natural languages, and how to formulate hypotheses about how sounds are represented and manipulated in speakers’ mental grammars.

LING 2311  Modern English Language  [ENGL 2311]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: Three (3) credit hours in ENGL at the 1000-level

The course will examine the nature of modern English semantics (meaning), syntax (‘wordings’), and morphology (word formation). Some attention is also paid to intonation (soundings). The course is presented using contemporary grammatical theories.

LING 2321  French Phonetics  [FREN 3320]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: FREN 2236 with a minimum grade of C

A course for students beyond the intermediate level who wish to improve their pronunciation. Knowledge of intermediate level grammar is assumed.

LING 2326  Language and Gender  [ENGL 2326]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: Three (3) credit hours in ENGL at the 1000 level

This course examines the role of language in forming popular perceptions about the position of women and men in society. The topics include a comparison between English and other languages in matters of grammar, vocabulary, and semantics; a comparison between modern English and earlier stages; and an enquiry into the origin of authoritarian notions of correctness. The historical role of women as users and teachers of language is also considered. Present-day attitudes, implementation of non-sexist language guidelines, and the struggle to establish non-discriminatory language practices are also included in the study.

LING 2330  Syntax  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: LING 1200

Syntax is the study of sentence structure: how words are organized into larger meaningful units. The course examines the nature of speakers’ underlying knowledge of the rules for combining words into higher-order structures. The fundamental similarities in sentence patterning among different languages will be addressed.

LING 2340  Semantics  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: LING 1200

This course analyzes how words and sentences convey meaning in language. Students will learn how lexical items can be represented in terms of their semantic components and how interrelated groups of words form semantic fields. At the sentence level, grammatical, pragmatic and logical aspects of meaning are introduced. The course also explores idiomatic expressions and the ubiquity of metaphor.

LING 2346  A Sociolinguistic History of Ireland  [IRST 2346]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: at least six (6) credit hours in IRST, ENGL, LING or HIST

This course charts the history and development of language in Ireland from earliest times to the present. Students learn about the origins and growth of Irish, the influence on it of Latin, Norse and English, and the emergence of Hiberno-English. A series of texts which demonstrate the changing linguistic landscape of Ireland and the interrelationship of languages are considered.

LING 2392  Linguistic Anthropology  [ANTH 2392]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: One of ANTH 1202, ANTH 1290, LING 1200

Students explore the relationship between language and culture in diverse ethnographic settings. Attention will be paid to the unique contributions of anthropology to the study of language.

LING 3310  Advanced Phonology  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: LING 2310

This course develops skills in recognition, description and analysis of segmental and prosodic organization, and discusses recent phonological theory.

LING 3320  Morphology  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: LING 1200 and six(6) credit hours in LING.

Morphology is the study of word formation and structure. The course is an examination of how words are made up of smaller, contrastive elements. Processes of word formation such as derivation and compounding are analyzed. Inflectional morphology is investigated. The manner in which morphology relates to the other components of language is discussed. Morphologically based linguistic typologies are explored.

LING 3330  Advanced Syntax  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: Ling 2330

This course presents recent developments in syntactic theory focusing on form and meaning of different types of sentences. Building on universal principles and specific parameters of syntactic structures, it provides necessary tools for description and advanced analysis of sentences in a cross-linguistic perspective.

LING 3350  Interdisciplinary Perspectives in Linguistics  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: Eighteen (18) credits in LING or in a discipline associated with the special topic

This course investigates the application of linguistics to particular fields such as forensic linguistics, clinical linguistics, clinical discourse analysis, neurolinguistics. Students will gain experience working in an interdisciplinary context.

LING 3391  Learning a Field Language  [ANTH 3391]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: One of ANTH 1202, ANTH 1290, LING 1200

Learning a field language is an essential part of anthropological fieldwork. Students learn concepts and methods related to language elicitation, and acquisition of communicative competence in an unknown language. The practical application of these methods in ethnographic settings is stressed.

LING 3396  Language Use and Issues in Canada  [ANTH 3396]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: ANTH 1290 or LING 1200

Geographically vast and linguistically diverse, Canada offers an ideal case study of contemporary issues in the study of language. Topics include official bilingualism, functional multilingualism, heritage languages, and indigenous languages. Questions of maintenance, revitalization, contact and change will be examined throughout.

LING 3402  History of the English Language  [ENGL 3402]  
6 credit hours  
Prerequisite: Three (3) credit hours in ENGL at the 1000 level

A survey of the development of the English language from its earliest stages to the present. Representative texts are used from each period so that students can acquire first-hand knowledge of the successive changes in grammar (syntax, morphology, and phonology) and vocabulary.

LING 3427  Language, Gender and Power  [WMST 4427]  
3 credit hours  

3 credit hours

LING 3826  Special Topics in Linguistics  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: LING 1200 and six (6) credit hours in LING

These courses allow students to study a special topic at an advanced level. Such topics will either (a) not be covered by other LING courses or (b) handle the subject matter in alternative models. Seminar: 3 hrs. a week.

LING 4420  Topics in Linguistic Theory  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: LING 1200 and twelve (12) credit hours in LING

This course will examine concepts and trends in the development of linguistic theory. Perspectives may include (a) particular areas of enquiry, such as language diversity, pragmatics, neurolinguistics, etc., and how they have informed linguistic theory; (b) schools of linguistics from Saussure to the present; and (c) specific theoretical approaches such as Functionalism, Minimalism, or Optimality Theory.

LING 4440  Canadian French: Sociolinguistic Perspectives  [FREN 4440]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: six (6) credit hours of FREN at the 3000 level or equivalent a minimum grade of C

This course will examine the major features which distinguish Canadian French from European French, as well as the characteristics of the different varieties of French spoken in Canada, in particular Acadian and Quebecois French. The relationship between language and society will be studied both as a source of linguistic change and as a determining factor in current speech patterns. Authentic recorded speech samples will be used to illustrate the various aspects studied and will also serve to familiarize students with the French language as spoken in Canada.

LING 4491  Advanced Topics in Linguistic Anthropology  [ANTH 4491]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: ANTH 1290 or LING 1200

This course examines topics in the field of linguistic anthropology, combining a sophisticated understanding of the structure of language with the cultural realities of its use. Students will learn about current debates and advanced concepts in the field, while being given the opportunity to conduct their own research on language behaviour.

LING 4492  Ethnography of Communication  [ANTH 4492]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: ANTH 1290 or LING 1200

Linguistic anthropologists analyze the dynamics of communication through the medium of ethnography. This course critically examines how anthropologists collect and convey their findings on language use. Case studies combine ethnographic texts with theoretical background to allow students to evaluate recent anthropological research.

LING 4493  Doing Discourse Analysis  [ENGL 4493]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: At least twelve (12) credit hours in English or Linguistics (or permission of the instructor)

The focus is on learning how to do discourse analysis. We will focus on developing skills in the analysis of talk and text using models drawn from linguistics, structuralism and semiotics. The course will explicitly develop skills in analyzing discourse functions as configurations of interaction, experience and organization meaning.

LING 4494  Approaches to Discourse Analysis  [ENGL 4494]  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: At least twelve (12) credit hours in English or Linguistics (or permission of the instructor)

Linguistic, structural, post-structural, and semiotic perspectives on discourse analysis are addressed through reading and discussion of key works by authors of “landmark” texts such as R. Jakobson, J. L. Austin, H. P. Grice, etc. The goals of the course are to (a) familiarize students with some of the “landmark” texts and perspectives on discourse analysis and (b) to develop abilities to develop abilities to relate analyses to cultural and situationally relevant contexts.

LING 4500  Honours Thesis  
6 credit hours  
Prerequisite: honours standing in Linguistics.

Supervised preparation of a significant research paper for honours students in linguistics.

LING 4510  Topics in Applied Linguistics  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: At least eighteen (18) credit hours in LING, a second language, or psychology

This course will examine topics in applied linguistics. The course may focus on linguistic approaches to literacy, first or second language acquisition, bilingualism, or a similar topic. The goal of the course is to develop knowledge of primary literature addressing linguistic contributions to the area under focus, but also to develop skills in problem based interdisciplinary thinking, research and collaboration.

LING 4826  Special Topics in Linguistics  
3 credit hours  
Prerequisite: LING 1200 and twelve (12) credit hours in LING

These courses allow students to study a special topic at an advanced level. Such topics will either (a) not be covered by other LING courses or (b) handle the subject matter in alternative models.

LING 4876  Directed Readings in Linguistics  
3 credit hours  

These courses provide the opportunity to study a particular subject(s) in detail. They are designed to examine at an advanced level topics not covered in other linguistics courses or in courses cross-listed as linguistics courses, or to allow for a different approach to the study of topics already covered in other courses.