Geography is the study of the Earth’s surface, and of the spatial distribution and patterns of its physical and human characteristics.  Geographers study how nature and culture work to create distinct spaces, places, landscapes, and regions.  Geography is a subject of practical importance in such fields as:

  • urban and regional planning
  • industrial location
  • marketing
  • resource development
  • environmental monitoring and management
  • geomatics

It is possible to obtain a major or honours in geography in either a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree program.

Departmental Policy

  1. The Department regards 1000-level courses as both service courses for the university in general and as basic introductory courses for geography majors.
  2. Because program changes occur from time to time with renumbered or restructured courses, students are advised that they are not eligible to take a course for credit if they already have a credit for a comparable course, even if that course was taken at a different level or under a different number.
  3. Majors and honours students should normally complete Geospatial Concepts (Group C) (GEOG 2306) and Inquiry and Explanation in Geography (Group C) (GEOG 2356) before the end of their second year or, in the case of part-time students, before proceeding to other upper level courses.
  4. All declared majors and honours students are assigned a faculty advisor with whom they should consult each year to review their progress and course selection.
  5. The Department of Geography and Environmental Studies recognizes the importance of developing students' communication skills in preparation for participating in the work force and/or continuing their education at an advanced level.  Therefore, in addition to addressing geographical content, the Department is committed to improving the written and oral communication skills of students in Geography courses by including evaluation of these communication skills in course work. The Department, in collaboration with the Writing Centre, has created a Style Guide that is available as a hard copy from the Writing Centre and on the Writing Centre web page.
  6. Geography courses are divided into four groups:
    ​​    Group A - Human Geography courses
        Group B - Physical Geography courses
        Group C - Techniques or Methods courses
        Group D - Integrative courses which may combine aspects of
        human geography, physical geography, and techniques and methods.​

Group A

GEOG 2312Urban Geography (Group A)3
GEOG 2332Global Cities (Group A)3
GEOG 2341Economic Geography (Group A)3
GEOG 2349Cultural Geography (Group A)3
GEOG 3302The Built Environment (Group A)3
GEOG 3311Rural Geography (Group A)3
GEOG 3321Spatial Processes of Economic Globalization (Group A)3
GEOG 3329Geographical Perspectives on Nature (Group A)3
GEOG 3351Demography and Migration (Group A)3
GEOG 4412Urban History and Preservation (Group A)3
GEOG 4431Community and Regional Development (Group A)3
GEOG 4432Social Geography of the City (Group A)3
GEOG 4442Urban Planning (Group A)3
GEOG 4449Tourist Geographies (Group A)3
GEOG 4459The Power of Maps: A Social History of Cartography (Group A)3

Group B

GEOG 2313/GEOL 2373Geomorphology (Group B)3
GEOG/GEOL 2325Sedimentology (Group B)3
GEOG 2333Biogeography (Group B)3
GEOG 2343Weather and Climate (Group B)3
GEOG 3213Applied Geomorphology (Group B)3
GEOG 3433Fluvial Geomorphology (Group B)3
GEOG 4413/GEOL 4476Coastal Geomorphology (Group B)3
GEOG 4423/GEOL 4475Glaciers and Glaciation (Group B)3
GEOG 4443Natural Hazards and Climate Change (Group B)3
GEOG/GEOL 4465Advanced Sedimentology (Group B)3

Group C

GEOG 2306Geospatial Concepts (Group C)3
GEOG 2356Inquiry and Explanation in Geography (Group C)3
GEOG 2386Introduction to Mapping and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) (Group C)3
GEOG 3326Statistical Methods in Geography (Group C)3
GEOG 3356Remote Sensing of the Environment (Group C)3
GEOG 3386Concepts in Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Analysis (Group C)3
GEOG 3416Qualitative Research Methods in Geography (Group C)3
GEOG 4444/ENVS 4460Environmental Pattern Analysis (Group C)3
GEOG 4496Applications in Geographical Information Systems (Group C)3

Group D

GEOG 1100Global Perspectives on Land and Life (Group D)3
GEOG 1200People, Place and Environment (Group D)3
GEOG 2310Geography of Canada (Group D)3
GEOG 2315The Oceans (Group D)3
GEOG 2390/IRST 2391Geography of Ireland (Group D)3
GEOG 3004Geography and Environmental Studies in Practice (Group D)3
GEOG 3020Geography and Development (Group D)3
GEOG 3100Geography Field School (Group D)3
GEOG 3150Geography Behind the Headlines (Group D)3
GEOG 3304Environmental Management (Group D)3
GEOG 3320Geography of the North (Group D)3
GEOG/ACST 3340Geography of Nova Scotia (Group D)3
GEOG 3350Geography of Africa (Group D)3
GEOG 3380Climate Change: Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation (Group D)3
GEOG 3454Bay of Fundy: Environments and Issues (Group D)3
GEOG 4100Geography International Field School (Group D)3
GEOG 4150Geographical Perspectives on Asia-Pacific Development (Group D)3
GEOG 4406Capstone Seminar in Geography (Group D)3
GEOG 4424/ENVS 4450Natural Resource Management (Group D)3
GEOG 4426Ecosystem and Natural Area Management (Group D)3
GEOG 4434Watershed Management (Group D)3
GEOG 4526Honours Thesis (Group D)6
GEOG 4850-4875 Directed Study3
GEOG 4876-4899Directed Study6