Geography is the study of the Earth’s surface, and of the spatial distribution and patterns of its physical and human characteristics.  Geographers study how nature and culture work to create distinct spaces, places, landscapes, and regions.  Geography is a subject of practical importance in such fields as:

  • urban and regional planning
  • industrial location
  • marketing
  • resource development
  • environmental monitoring and management
  • geomatics

It is possible to obtain a major or honours in geography in either a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree program.

Departmental Policy

  1. The Department regards 1000-level courses as both service courses for the university in general and basic introductory courses for geography majors.
  2. Because program changes occur from time to time with renumbered or restructured courses, students are advised that they are not eligible to take a course for credit if they already have a credit for a comparable course, even if that course was taken at a different level or under a different number.
  3. Majors and honours students should normally complete Geospatial Concepts (GEOG 2306) and Inquiry and Explanation in Geography (GEOG 2356) before the end of their second year or, in the case of part-time students, before proceeding to other upper level courses.
  4. All declared majors and honours students are assigned a faculty advisor with whom they should consult each year to review their progress and course selection.
  5. The Department of Geography and Environmental Studies recognizes the importance of developing student’s communication skills in preparation for participating in the work force and/or continuing their education at an advanced level.  Therefore, in addition to addressing geographical content, the Department is committed to improving the written and oral communication skills of students in Geography courses by including evaluation of these communication skills in course work. The Department asks that, in written work submitted for grading, students follow the Style Guide for Geographers available through the Department web site or from the Department Secretary.
  6. Geography courses are divided into four groups:
    • Group A -human geography courses;
    • Group B -physical geography courses;
    • Group C -techniques or methods courses;
    • Group D -integrative courses which may combine aspects of human geography, physical geography or techniques.

      Depending on the degree program, Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science, the required courses from each group vary.  

Group A

GEOG 2312Urban Geography3
GEOG 2332Global Cities3
GEOG 2341Economic Geography3
GEOG 2349Cultural Geography3
GEOG 3302The Built Environment3
GEOG 3311Rural Geography3
GEOG 3321Spatial Processes of Economic Globalization3
GEOG 3329Geographical Perspectives on Nature3
GEOG 3351Demography and Migration3
GEOG 4412Urban History and Preservation3
GEOG 4431Community and Regional Development3
GEOG 4432Social Geography of the City3
GEOG 4442Urban Planning3
GEOG 4449Tourist Geographies3
GEOG 4459The Power of Maps: A Social History of Cartography3

Group B

GEOG 2313/GEOL 2373Geomorphology3
GEOG/GEOL 2325Sedimentology3
GEOG 2333Biogeography3
GEOG 2343Weather and Climate3
GEOG 3213Applied Geomorphology3
GEOG 3433Fluvial Geomorphology3
GEOG 4413/GEOL 4476Coastal Geomorphology3
GEOG 4443Natural Hazards3
GEOG 4423/GEOL 4475Glaciers and Glaciation3
GEOG/GEOL 4465Advanced Sedimentology3

Group C

GEOG 2306Geospatial Concepts3
GEOG 2356Inquiry and Explanation in Geography3
GEOG 2386Introduction to Mapping and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)3
GEOG 3326Statistical Methods in Geography3
GEOG 3356Remote Sensing of the Environment3
GEOG 3386Concepts in Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Analysis3
GEOG 3416Qualitative Research Methods in Geography3
GEOG 4444/ENVS 4460Environmental Pattern Analysis3
GEOG 4496Applications in Geographical Information Systems3

Group D

GEOG 1100Global Perspectives on Land and Life3
GEOG 1200People, Place and Environment3
GEOG 2310Geography of Canada3
GEOG 2315The Oceans3
GEOG 2390/IRST 2391Geography of Ireland3
GEOG 3004Geography and Environmental Studies in Practice3
GEOG 3100Geography Field School3
GEOG 3150Geography Behind the Headlines3
GEOG 3304Environmental Management3
GEOG 3320Geography of the North3
GEOG/ACST 3340Geography of Nova Scotia3
GEOG 3350Geography of Sub-Saharan Africa3
GEOG 3380Climate Change: Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation3
GEOG 3454Bay of Fundy: Environments and Issues3
GEOG 4150Geographical Perspectives on Asia-Pacific Development3
GEOG 4406Capstone Seminar in Geography3
GEOG 4424/ENVS 4450Natural Resource Management3
GEOG 4426Ecosystem and Natural Area Management3
GEOG 4434Watershed Management3
GEOG 4526Honours Thesis6
4850-4899 Directed Study3